Late Harappan Civilization & medieval era artefacts unearthed in Maharashtra

These 'twin discoveries' indicate that this region was inhabited for an extended time period.

A discovery team led by Bhujang R. Bobade, Director of Heritage Foundation, recently unearthed ancient artefacts at Yawal, Jalgaon, Maharashtra. These discoveries include big and small pieces of pottery and vessels, with pictographic scripts that indicate that these items date to the later era of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC). The entire team of archaeologists from Maharashtra is extremely excited about this discovery which has prompted more research and investigation in this field.

About the discoveries dating to flourishing IVC era

At the first excavation site in Yawal, scores of pottery pieces- which include glazed, incised, perforated or knobbed potteries, have been found, in barely 500 square feet area. This site is situated in the white mounds near the entrance of the Nimbalkar Fortress, which is around 20 km from Bhusaval. Bobade was quoted saying that- "It's a virgin territory, hitherto unexplored by any archaeologist."

The pieces discovered here were mainly wheel-made wares, both plain (red clay, with or without a fine slip) and painted in red and black with unique images imprinted on the surface and ringed bottoms. Such items are a common finding while considering the flourishing era of the Indus Valley Civilization, over 3,000 years ago. However, it is interesting to find these creations scattered over 1000 km away from the heart of the Harappan Civilization.

The Director of the Directorate of Archaeology said that these items could also date back to the Satavahana period, or roughly to the era when the famous paintings of the Ajanta Caves were made. However, Bobade stated that several discoveries of bronze artefacts during excavations in 1958, 1974 and 1978 in Daimabad and Ahmednagar, suggest that the late Harappan culture may have extended to this region of modern-day Maharashtra.

Discoveries dating to medieval era also found

Further, some pieces dating to the medieval era, around the 15th-16th century, were also found, which is unprecedented anywhere in India. It has been noted that these 'twin discoveries' indicate that this particular region of north-Maharashtra was inhabited for an extended time period.

The team at this dig site included Bobade, Samadhan Mahajan (a government official) and his son Parth Mahajan and all of them consider this as a 'truly astonishing' discovery. They also remarked that this will need massive further excavations, study and research, for it is a mystery as to how such a large geographical area exhibited a uniform pottery tradition in form, paintings and pottery designs similar to Harappa.

About the IVC

Indus Valley Civilization was, at one point, the largest ancient human civilisation in terms of the area it was spread in. It is believed to stretch from Karachi in Pakistan to the northwestern regions of India. The recent discovery is yet to reveal more about this ancient civilization to the modern world.

-With inputs from IANS

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