The plan was approved on last Wednesday on the recommendation of the National Coastal Zone Management Authority.
Mumbai is all set to witness a big change in the upcoming days with the approval of the Coastal Zone Management Plan by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Now, the new Coastal Regulatory Rule, 2019, will be applied across Mumbai City and suburbs. In simple words, the plan permits increased development on land along the coastal areas, which previously were outbounds under the CRZ categories.
New plan opens development & real estate in creek & bay areas
In the 43rd meeting of the National Coastal Zone Management Authority on August 16, a recommendation was tabled for the approval of the CZMP for Mumbai city and suburbs. The final order was issued on September 29. The Coastal Regulatory Zone (CRZ) rules permit the development in the creek and bay areas of Mumbai up to 50m from the high tide line, instead of the earlier 100 m. The moves a quantum of land open for development, real estate and construction activities.
It further allows several housing societies and slums in Mumbai to be eligible for redevelopment, in line with the increased available space. These areas will get a renewed Floor Space Index (FSI) or permissible limit, equal to other parts of the city.
Distinguishing eco-sensitive areas from development-friendly areas
As announced by the Principal Secretary of Environment, the new CRZ policy will be implemented in Mumbai with the final notification of the Coastal Zone Management Plan. As per the project timeline, the Centre has approved the CRZM, 2019 in December 2018 but the plan faced a block when the Union linked the CRZ notification with the finalisation of the CZMP maps.
The said maps use a colour coded system to demarcate land pockets based on their ecology in a graded (I - IV) format. This includes high tide and hazard lines, fishing zones, intertidal areas, mangrove forests and buffer areas, turtle nesting sites, cyclone shelters, koliwadas and gaothans. These sheets also recognise lands that may be used for development.
Projects near high tide lines and bay areas to get more FSI base
The clearance of maps was awarded on Wednesday, demarcating sensitive areas from construction friendly areas. Reportedly, this clears the execution of Development Plan-2034, which can award up to 4.05 FSI in the city and 3.4 in suburbs, depending on the road width. The new space also holds a potential market for builders.
Earlier, developers whose projects were within 500 m of the high tide line and 150 m from the bay were allowed only a base of 1.33 FSI in the city and 1 in the Mumbai suburbs. The map clearance, as such, regulates a two and half times increase in FSI. On the same lines, once the government stakes are waived from the Slum Rehabilitation Authority projects in CRZ, several slums in Mumbai will get more FSI.