Also known as Nhava Sheva Port, Jawaharlal Nehru Port of Mumbai is the largest container handling port in India. Located on the western seafront, this gateway to the trading world is the focal point of long-haul calls to and from the emerging market economies.
Adding another feather to its cap, this port is all set to welcome a freight train travelling from Helinski, Finland, via the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), in its premises. Tag along as we chronicle the important years that make up the timeline of Jawaharlal Nehru Port, from 1986 to 2021!
Inaugurated in 1989
The piling work for Jawaharlal Nehru Port was underway during 1986 and it took around 3 years to complete the construction. In 1989, the inauguration ceremony of this port was held in the presence of dignitaries, including the then Chief Minister of Maharashtra and the Former Prime Minister of India.
It boasts of a full-fledged Customs House, 23 Container Freight Stations along with a large number of inland container depots spread across India. In 2001, Jawaharlal Nehru Port became the first Indian port to handle more than 1 million TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit- a measuring unit of cargo capacity). Today, this port handles around 60 per cent of the country's containerized cargo.
Freight train en route from Finland
After opening the fourth terminal in 2018 and a Centralized Parking Plaza in 2020, Jawaharlal Nehru Port is set to make history in 2021 as it will welcome a one-of-its-kind freight train from Finland. This train is jointly operated by Azerbaijani, Russian and Iranian railway companies and has left the Finnish capital earlier this month.
This freight train is carrying paper-based products in its 32 containers that are 40-foot in length. Further, it has been reported that it shall travel through the above mentioned Caspian Sea littoral countries, via the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), before entering the Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
Now, with multimodal transportation (including rail, road and ship) means working at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port, international authorities are seeing INSTC as an alternative to securing movement through Suez Canal. Statistics state that using this North-South corridor shall help in reducing the journey time by 20 days and will be saving costs up to 30 per cent.