The 4 gates at the City Palace depict the four seasons and each is dedicated to a Hindu deity.
Jaipur is dotted by expansive landmarks, such as the City Palace and Amer Fort, which are the visual documentation of Rajputana's sublime history. Built in accordance with the principles of vastu shastra, the walled city of Jaipur has a number of gigantic gates, such as Samrat Pol, Char Darwaza, Ganga Pol, among others. Come along with us as we chronicle Pink City's 11 remarkable doorways!
Peacock Gate, City Palace
The inner courtyard of the City Palace is called Pritam Niwas Chowk and it houses four gates, each themed around the four seasons and dedicated to a particular Hindu deity, each. The Peacock Gate, located in the northeastern direction, represents the season of autumn and has a small idol of Lord Vishnu on its lintel.
Renamed as the Zorawar Singh Darwaza, Dhruv Pol is the northernmost gate in Jaipur. Its name is inspired by the Pole Star, used in locating the North direction, which is also known as Dhruv Tara in Hindi. Oldest and widest among all the old city gates, Dhruv Pol is connected to Amer.
Suraj Pol or the Sun Gate stands tall in the direction of the rising sun, towards the eastern hills and can be easily identified by the two suns painted on its facade. Unlike the majority of city gates, this one has only one secondary gate. It is the gateway to the famous Sun temple built by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II and it also leads towards Galta Ji, an ancient Hindu pilgrimage site. Interestingly, it has a namesake located in Amer Fort.
Green Gate, City Palace Jaipur
Reserving its place on the book cover of Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni's 'The Palace of Illusions', this gate is also known as Leheriya (waves) Gate and Green Gate. It symbolises the spring season and is representative of Lord Ganesh, the Hindu god of wisdom.
First of the four gates located in the south of the city, Ajmeri Gate is also called Kishan Pol. As the name suggests, this gate directs travellers onto the westerly road towards Ajmer. Further, this gate leads the pathway inside the city and is a portal to the Kishanpole Bazar which is famous for its tie and dye fabrics.
Chand Pol, or as the name suggests - Moon Gate, is located diagonally opposite to the Suraj Pol. Situated along the east-west axis, the significant feature of this gate is the ancient Hanuman temple, located adjacent to it. This western end of the city is marked by the din of a busy market known as the Chandpol Bazaar. This gate, too, has a namesake in Amer Fort.
Lotus Gate, City Palace
Adorned with innumerable lotus petals and floral patterns, the Lotus Gate is located in the southwest direction of the Pritam Niwas Chowk of the City Palace. It represents the summer season and the Hindu god, Shiva.
The third gate of the southern ramparts of the city, this gate governs the route towards the town of Sanganer and leads to the famous Johri Bazaar. The royal family of Jaipur visits the Shiva temple located in the vicinity of this gate during Mahashivaratri, hence Sanganeri Gate is also called Shiva Pol.
Last among the four gates of the southern part of the city, Ghat Pol derives its name from the eastern road that connects Jaipur with the Ghat ki Ghuni. It is also known as Ram Pol since it paves the way towards Ramchandra Ji Chowkri and Ramganj Bazar. Like the Sun Gate, this gate also has a single secondary gate.
Rose Gate, City Palace
Deriving its name from the repeated rose patterns adorning the walls around the main door, the Rose Gate showcases the winter season and is dedicated to Goddess Devi.
The ninth gate of the fortified city of Jaipur, Naya Pol or the New Gate, connects to the Tripolia gate of the City Palace. Not a part of the original plan, this gate was constructed in the middle of the 20th century replacing a smaller doorway called Chor Darwaza. Located on the southern end of the Chaura Rasta (a 4-way road), the design of this gate is an architectural medley of European and Mughal style. If you can spot the Albert Hall through the gate, then you have arrived at the Naya Pol!
Eleven gates of Jaipur!
Excusing our attempts at making silly jokes, we hope you find this list intriguing enough to plan a road trip soon!